arab world

Arab world

Defining an Arab, Who are they?

It is a term which explains a culture and linguistics. It is related to those who speak Arabic as their mother tongue. Arabs throughout the world are united by sharing same culture and history. It is not a race but rather a culture and identity that define them. Arabs are dark-skinned and have red to black hair. They are Muslims by religion, but some of the Arabs are Christians Arabs and Jewish Arabs. Both Christians and Jewish Arabs share a different religion but same culture and national language. They have the Arab decedents.

Arab world

The entire Arab world constitutes 22 the Middle East and North African countries. Countries included in the Arab world are; Algeria, Egypt Iraq Comoros island Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Libya, Mauritania, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Qatar, Tunisia, Somalia, Syria-United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Iran and Turkey are two countries located closer to Arab countries but has a different culture and national language, their national language is Farsi and Turkish. They have very diversified religious and ethnic and linguistic communities. Some main communities of the Arab world are Kurds, Berbers, and Armenians. The total population of Arabs is around 300 million which is spread across 22countries, and some of them are also being immigrated worldwide now.

Arabs and the Muslim world

There are around 1.2 billion Muslims around the world and 55 member states in an organization of Islamic countries. The highest numbers of Muslims are found in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Turkey, Iran, Egypt, Nigeria, and China. But only Egypt among these countries is an Arab country this shows that most of the followers of Islam are not Arabs. But most of the Arabs are Muslims by religion. The highest numbers of Muslim Arabs are found in Saudi Arabia which is a land of Muslims. The Arabs originally originated from Saudi Arabia as the religious language of all the Muslims is Arabic. The holy book of all the Muslims is in Arabic, but the majority of Muslims live outside Saudi Arabia, due to which most Muslims are not Arabs.

The Middle East and Arab world

The Middle East is a term to define the territory starting from Egypt to the Persian Gulf, Israel and Iran; all these countries are Arab countries. Turkey is defined as both the part of the Middle East and Europe. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India are part of South Asia, but they share a border with Arab countries.

Arab Americans

As explained earlier Arabs are defined by their culture and the language they speak, Arab Americans are the American decedents of Arab. They are the American with roots originating from Arab countries. Most of them came from Lebanon, Palestine, and Libya. American Arabs also have communities from Egypt Iraq and Yemen. The first immigration of the Arabs started in the 19th century. The major wave of immigration began after World War II. From then till now Arabs are still immigrating to different countries. Arab Americans have the largest community being immigrated to Detroit Dearborn.

dubai

The latest educational policies in Abu Dhabi and Dubai

One of the Abu Dhabi and Dubai highest priorities is education. The greatest use of wealth is to invest in creating educated and trained people. Access to education was limited when Abu Dhabi and Dubai was established. After some years transformation and investment have been made in education.

Today they are offering extensive and broad education every male and female from kindergarten to university level. They have many private sectors with quality education and offering some course abroad at government expense. Today education in the Arab world is better than the before.

Education in the Arab world and Educational policy plan of Dubai and Abu Dhabi:

The ministry of education developed five years plan to bring some significant changes and improvement in the education system. They focus especially the way the teacher teaches and students learn. The ministry of education introduced new education techniques in their plan with best practices, focusing on improving innovative skills and developing self-learning abilities. These changes are focused on greater accountability, standards and better-improved professionalism. The smart learning course is also part of the education program. Teachers code and evaluation, curriculum revision, are all part of this educational strategy.

In educational policy teachers training was given the focus. They were hoping to train public school teachers. As trained teacher will teach student better and accurate than the non-trained teachers. Education in Arab world and teacher roles have a close relation. Teachers in the Arab world are trying to give the best as to make their students bright and successful.

In education plan, establishing integrated e-learning in government school was an essential part of this strategy. 1 billion programs have introduced in four stages in five years. The main objective was to provide every student with tablet and 4G network. They are also providing e-concept with a textbook on phones, iPods and Androids. Teachers will be given training for all this before the implementation of this rule in schools and universities. Education in Arab world has been modernised.

The department of special education has also taken part in the educational plan and ensure that these special students have the same right as other school and universities have. They stress to include the same opportunities for the students as in regular education system students have.

In education policy, sports and a healthy lifestyle are not neglected. They also introduced school game project. Their ambition is to increase student participation in sports and discovering the new talent. They want to give awareness how physical training is good for health.

These latest educational policies in Abu Dhabi and Dubai has brought many changes in their educational system. Now they are more advanced using new technologies and running towards the great future. Ministry of education in Dubai and Abu Dhabi want to improve their education system. They want their student to have every knowledge so they can compete in this world. Education in Arab world is improved so much, and still, they are trying to make their system more strong.

home-walk

10 best things about the Sahara Desert

The map of northern African display most of the part of it covered in Sahara desert. Sahara desert is one of the hottest deserts in the world. The range of this desert includes the Mediterranean in the north, Atlantic, at the east red sea. It has swallowed most of the part of Africa.

This desert has mind blowing facts, some of which are described below

The species of plants

Almost 1200 plant species are found in this hot desert. Green vegetation is stretched in Sahara; this scattered green vegetation includes succulents, herbs, trees, grasses, and shrubs.  The best thing about this sparse vegetation is that it is very easily adaptable to heat and the condition of drought.

  1. Sahara as a fertile farmland

Over 8000 years ago, green leafy crops were grown on the fields of this desert. The presence of glaciers around the northern Europe made this desert fertile by keeping it well watered. So this vast land was once green and fertile. But science says that some chemical and environmental changes took place and changed this lush green land into a desert. The discovery of the cave drawings showed that this desert was once green grassland.

  1. Some parts of this desert are still fertile

Although it is the driest land of the earth, still the 8000 square miles of this land is covered in green oases. Actually, 2% of this desert is covered in greenery. This land is also being blessed with the ease of irrigation which has helped to keep it fertile. Irrigation has helped to transform this desert near the Nile in Egypt into green land.

  1. Hottest desert of the world

Sahara is known to be the hottest desert in the world. Nights are generally cold, sometimes the temperature falls to freezing point and below which is the outcome of lack of humidity during summers. But specifically talking about the hot temperature, the hottest recorded temperature of Sahara is 136 degrees F, during 1992 in Libya.

  1. Population of this desert

There are almost 2 million people living in Sahara presently. It is very difficult for people to survive there with this high temperature and the lack of suitable flora and fauna.

  1. Animals in Sahara

Some of the most attractive species of animals are found in Sahara. These animals are unique thus cannot be found anywhere in the world.

  1. Earth’s history

Scientific and geological studies have confirmed that Sahara desert has the capability of shrinking and growing in size.

  1. Snowcapped peaks of this desert

Another fascinating fact about this desert is that you will find snow-capped peaks during winters. This desert is geographically rocky and underground rivers are also present which often comes out in the form of an oasis. Some peaks are volcanic as well. These peaks are known to be an excellent destination for trekking.

  1. Less than half sand

The word desert clearly explains that it must contain endless massive banks of sand, yes it is true. But there are many parts of this desert which comprise of the very thin layer of sand and remaining of gravel substrata. Sahara is only 30% sand and 70% gravel

  1. The biggest desert

You must have studied in your course books that Sahara desert is the largest desert of the earth, but in reality, it is the second largest in an area. The largest desert is Antarctica.